If ever a year (in reality, more than a year) tested our Emotional Intelligence (EI), this year was it. EI rests on being aware of emotions and how they play out in your life and that of others. Having a high EI improves our communication and strengthens our relationships and the result is we are more successful.
The four main components of EI are:
- Social Awareness, and
- Relationship Skills.
Responsible Decision Making, which results from these four, is sometime included as a fifth component, and you may find Empathy and Motivation included as well.
Self-Awareness means you know who and how you are. In addition to your library Mission, you have a personal purpose and know your core values. You recognize when you are having an emotional reaction to something said or seen and are aware of (and still learning about) your implicit biases.
Self-Management rests on self-awareness. What do you do when you recognize your negative emotions are engaged? Those who self-manage change their mindset to avoid what might turn into a confrontation or prevent a morning mishap from influencing the rest of the day.
Social Awareness means you can identify the emotions of others. You recognize when they are angry or upset. As a result, you can be empathetic and keep emotions from boiling over. When in a group, you know how to “read a room.”
Relationship Skills are key to your success. Librarianship is a relationship business. If we don’t build relationships, we are out of business. You can’t build relationships without having the first three components of EI. We must always be looking for ways to connect, collaborate and create. Good relationships with students, teachers and administrators are required to achieve our Mission and Vision.
With these components in mind, John R. Stoker in Emotional Intelligence Begins with Self-Awareness poses ten question to assess the level of your EI and how to raise it where needed.
- What part of my behavior do I not see? Since it’s impossible to answer this alone, Stoker suggests you ask someone you trust. Be open to what they tell you (remember, it’s feedback – not criticism) using your self-awareness skills.
- Do you know who or what sets you off? Some people automatically cause our bodies to stiffen as we prepare for emotional combat. Who does that to you? More importantly, “Why?” The answer will help to anticipate and moderate your reaction.
- Are your relationships growing and deepening, or are they diminishing and contracting? If your relationships aren’t growing, you are losing support for your program. What is the cause? You may need to reach out again to others to figure this out.
- Do people seek you out as a sounding board or for advice and support? This is a good indicator that speaks to your relationship building skills as well as your social awareness and empathy. Do they come back for more?
- Do people volunteer to give you feedback? It takes a high degree of trust to offer feedback when not asked for it. Stoker notes this shows you are approachable.
- Do you seek feedback from others on what you could do to improve? Asking what you can do better increases your chance of getting honest, if possibly uncomfortable, feedback. Just as you help others, remember this is necessary if you are to improve. It also is an opportunity to build relationships.
- Do you express appreciation to others? Thank-you’s are always good. Even better is to let someone know you saw and admired something they did. Did a teacher manage a difficult situation with a student? Let them know you learned something from it.
- Do you let your past history dictate how you treat others? Similar to #2, this is a reminder to keep an open mind. Use the past as a learning tool, not a prediction tool. A negative anticipation will guarantee a negative result.
- Are your interactions with others yielding the results that you want? How have you interacted with other? You can’t change them, but if you identify your challenges with EI and make needed shifts, your dealings with them will improve.
- What similar situations repeatedly show up? You are the common factor in all your interactions. Start with Self-Awareness and move through the other components of EI to see how you and your reactions have contributed to those situations.
As Leo Tolstoy said, “Everyone thinks of changing the world, but no one thinks of changing himself.” Emotional Intelligence is a soft skill, but it can quickly make a bigger difference than all the hard knowledge you bring to your job.