Exit tickets as an assessment surfaced several years ago and have been getting increasingly popular. They mostly are a summative assessment where you get instant feedback as to what kids learned. Depending on what you ask, they are also formative assessment as you can discover what’s on students’ minds, where and what they want to explore further, and where they may be confused,
As I thought about exit tickets, it occurred to me that I hadn’t heard anything about entrance tickets. The idea took hold during my walks. Entrance tickets could be one solution to classroom management.
The library is a classroom, among other things, but it looks and feels much different from the rest of the classrooms in the building. Other than the gym, it has the largest space. It has places where it’s easy to hide. Since students aren’t in the library every day, there is always something new to look at. All these are distractions, and distractions keep students from settling down.
Procedures and routines are an effective way to get students focused from the beginning, and you probably have instituted some that work well for you. Entrance tickets could give you something more. For example, to introduce a lesson on Newbery or Caldecott winners (which will be announced on January 28, 2019), your entrance tickets might ask:
- What is the best book you ever read or heard?
- What makes you like or dislike a book?
- What do you do if you start a book and don’t like it?
Thinking about books and authors focuses them on what is to come. When you collect the entrance tickets, you can read some or all of them and begin the lesson discussing them briefly. Your exit tickets can then connect to the lesson and/or the entrance tickets.
As with exit tickets, your entrance tickets let you know where kids are and gives you clues as to where you need to take them next. Depending on the topic, they can serve as a pre-assessment. If you were doing a unit on Fake News, your entrance tickets might ask:
- What’s one thing you know about Fake News?
- Why is Fake News a problem?
- What can you do to identify Fake News?
Although I thought I was very creative for coming up with this idea, I did search to see what else might exist. Among the few I found were two that offered some worthwhile additions. The Teacher Toolkit begins the explanation with a short video of an 8th grade English teacher who uses them then gives directions on how to use them.
Should you decide to try this, it will take some time as students need to become familiar with this new routine for starting class. To help this, the entry tickets should always be in the same place. Once you decide what you want students to focus on, write the question on the entry ticket or post it for students to see. Make sure to set a time limit for students to answer the question. When time is up, you can discuss the answers. The site lists the value of entry tickets and has templates for creating entrance tickets at different grade levels.
The second site is from Brown University’s Harriet W. Sheridan Center for Teaching and Learning. It is very brief and meant for the college level, but it clearly states the advantages of entrance and exit tickets as follows:
- participation of each student
- prompt for students to focus on key concepts and ideas
- a high return of information for the amount of time invested
- important feedback for the instructor that can be useful to guide teaching decisions (g., course pacing, quick clarification of small misunderstandings, identification of student interests and questions).
If you have been using exit tickets, consider adding entrance tickets. If you haven’t been using them, think about how starting this program could support your mission. It may suggest possibilities for future lessons. Share what you discover with your principal. The kids’ comments will give him/her a better idea of what you do.